COMM11008 – Blog Five
By Amanda McRae
A cyber world’s expert, Dmitri Alperovitch, does not believe Australian government has done enough in educating the public regarding cyber security threats, given a sense of complacency (Bresser 2016, n.p). Never before have we been more connected than now. The twentieth century introduced the world and governments to the internet. Being connected online comes with many benefits like instant sharing of information, resources, and communication throughout the world, however, with it comes the threat of Cybersecurity.
American President Barack Obama stated, “It’s the great irony of our Information Age…the very technologies that empower us to create and to build also empower those who would disrupt and destroy. And this paradox — seen and unseen — is something that we experience every day,” (Anderson 2011, p. 116). The Cybersecurity threats are not just relative to Australia but globally.
The reality television series Big Brother was introduced to Austalia in 2004 “Big Brother is watching,” “the eye in the sky,” well via cameras watching every move though only for a harmless storyline. A frightening thought, now a reality via the internet, “Big Brother is watching”, whether “Big Brother” be hackers, cyber criminals, threatening privacy and cyber security. Check out this Cybersense video link
According to Slocombe (2016, p. 76), last year in 2015, there were over 1,200 cyber security incidents in Australia, both involving government, and non-government organisations. Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull states this equates to over A$1 billion in cybercrime, Australian Crime Commission estimated (PHYS ORG 2016, n.p).
In 2014, hackers stole 500 million of users information online from the big internet giant Yahoo (ABC NewsRadio 2016).
The recent new online survey Census debacle, affected households throughout Australia, raised questions of online cyber security and safety. At any time, Besser (2016, n.p) reports, with an internet connection, devices of almost anything; phones, computers, even cars, are vulnerable to being hacked.
A multi-million dollar budget Cybersecurity strategy has been devised to combat hacking and strengthen security over the next ten years. “This Strategy addresses how we can continue to protect ourselves and be more resilient…as individuals, businesses, governments and as a nation,” said Turnbull (Prime Minister 2016).
Former Central Intelligence Agency boss Michael Hayden interview. Source: ABC News (2016)
Cybersecurity is proving, “to be one of the defining challenges of the 21st century” (NBC News 2016, n.p). As the internet and technology advances, generations become more internet savvy, Slocombe (2016, p. 76), said, “yes the threats are increasing, but so too is awareness and defences against them.” “The Australian Government knows it needs to protect these things and will continue to strive to stay ahead of whatever the threat environment is,” said Australian Government Cyber Advisor (Besser 2016).
Anderson, W & Johnson, L 2011, ‘Current United States presidential views on cyber security and computer crime with corresponding Department of Justice Enforcement guidelines‘, Journal of International Diversity, Missouri State University, no. 4, pp. 116.
Australian Broadcast Corporation (ABC) NewsRadio 2016, Yahoo, Twitter, viewed 23 September 2016, https://twitter.com/ABC_NewsRadio
Australian Broadcast Corporation (ABC) News 2016, Government computer network breached in cyber attacks as experts warn of espionage threat, viewed 3 September 2016, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-29/chinese-hackers-behind-defence-austrade-security-breaches/7790166
Australian Cyber Security Centre 2016, New cyber security strategy launched, viewed 3 September 2016, https://www.acsc.gov.au/
Australian Government, Department of Cybersense videos, viewed 23 September 2016, Defence, http://www.asd.gov.au/videos/cybersense.htm
Australian Government 2016, Stay smart online, viewed 30 August 2016, https://www.communications.gov.au/what-we-do/internet/stay-smart-online
Artic Sheep, Census post, Twitter 2016, view 25 August 2016, https://twitter.com/noplaceforsheep/status/762958083450482688?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw
Besser, L & Stockwell, P 2016, Cyber War, Four Corners, 30 August, viewed 22 September 2016, http://www.abc.net.au/4corners/stories/2016/08/29/4526527.htm
Ceely, S 2016, Internet of hacked things: the biggest threat to online safety is ourselves,Four Corners 2016, viewed 30 August 2016, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-30/scott-ceely-take-responsibility-for-staying-safe-online/7797754
Huffing Post 2016, The Census website was deliberately hacked, prompting massive crash, viewed 25 August 2016, http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/2016/08/09/the-census-website-has-crashed-and-people-are-not-happy/
Joff, Census post, Twitter 2016, viewed 25 August 2016, https://twitter.com/joffotron/status/762945850465148928/photo/1?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw
(NBC) News 2016, Obama announces executive action on Cybersecurity, February 2015, viewed 23 September 2016, http://www.nbcnews.com/tech/security/obama-announce-executive-action-cybersecurity-n305411
Phys Org 2016, Australia admits government hack attacks, boots cyber security, viewed 3 September 2016, http://phys.org/news/2016-04-australia-hack-boosts-cyber.html
Prime Minister of Australia 2016, The Hon Malcolm Turnball MP, Australia’s cyber security strategy, 21 April, p. 1, viewed 23 September 2016, https://www.pm.gov.au/media/2016-04-21/australias-cyber-security-strategy
Slocombe, G 2016, ‘Cybersecurity: threats multiply, but awareness and defences are strengthened’, Asia-Pacific Defence Reporter, September 2016, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 74-76.